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Yahweh & Gods

The arc of the Covenant, or Ark of the Covenant, is a mysterious biblical piece of ancient technology that demands thinking out of the box for an understanding of its ancient electrical nature.  Its ancient carbon arc electric parts are explained more in The Electric Mirror on the Pharos Lighthouse and Other Ancient Lighting, a highly recommended work recently out.  However, until you can acquire a copy to read the whole story, perhaps the following animated discussion will light up a lingering dark spot in your mind.

"Man does not live by bread alone!"

The story of the arc of the Ark of the Covenant apparently began after "Moses called all Israel, and said unto them, Hear, O Israel, the statutes and judgments which I speak in your ears this day, that ye may learn more, and keep, and do them." The fifth chapter of Deuteronomy goes on to state that "the Lord talked with you [Moses] face to face in the mount out of the midst of the fire."  One would logically think that the God of this infinite universe would find a more pivotal place to dwell than in a fitful fire on a dry dusty mountain on this paltry planet; but reason steadfastly bows to these suspicious words that are cherished by orthodox Jews and Christians today.

Larry's personal copy at hand

Nevertheless, speaking further on the Hebrew god's commandments, Moses went on to point out that "I stood between the Lord and you at that time, to shew you the word of the Lord, for ye were afraid by reason of the fire, and went not up unto the mount."  So, to solve this problem, he moved the fire god off the mountain down to the tribes, and he placed him between two cherubim on an oblong box with two carrying poles.

"What exactly these cherubim were, is impossible to determine," states The Catholic Encyclopedia, "however, from the analogy with Egyptian religious art, it may well be supposed that they were images, kneeling or standing, of winged persons.  It is worth noticing that this is the only exception to the law forbidding the Israelites to make carved images, an exception so much the more harmless to the faith of the Israelites in a spiritual God because the Ark was regularly to be kept behind the veil of the sanctuary.  The form of the Ark of the Covenant was probably inspired by some article of the furniture of the Egyptian temples."

Animation of the Ark or Arc at Denderah

A animated image of an ancient Egyptian Ark or Arc in the temple of Hathor (Isis), the goddess of light, from the 1875 edition of A. E. Mariette's General Description of the Grand Temple at Denderah, is pictured above.

Pictures of more popular, modern arrangements of the ancient Hebrew Ark or Arc of the Covenant found in bibles and elsewhere, are illustrated below.  However, the angelic images or cherubim on top of the chests are certainly not accurate depictions of the ancient home of the Hebrew god Yahweh.  Why?

Regardless of the pretension of an "only exception," set forth by The Catholic Encyclopedia above, the answer lies in a full rendering of the second of Moses's Ten Commandments, which has been abbreviated and placed on popular plaques like the one above. Although the Hebrew light god is said to have forbade the worshiping of graven images by uttering to Moses: "Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me," this is not all of the Second Commandment.  These revered words, dispensing ruthless injustice on innocent progeny, are immediately preceded by those of Exodus 20:4, which command: “Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is on the earth beneath, or that is in the water below." 

From Rev. John Brown's 1873 illustrated bible

From Rev. John Brown's Illustrated Bible

Furthermore, Deuteronomy 27: 15 says, “Cursed be the man that maketh any graven or molten image.”  One Internet Web page informally comments on these words by exclaiming: “That’s right kids don’t EVER draw, sculpt or paint or else god will curse you. Wanna be an artist, a photographer, take a picture of yourself or family?  TOO BAD, God says no!  You better drop out of art class before he smites you with boils.”  This comment is quite defining and obviously points to one of the reasons why so many people do not want to see the Ten Commandments in our schools—and can you blame them?

A phony depiction of the Ark!Nevertheless, the pertinent point being made here is that the "graven or molten" angelic cherubim of the Arks above and on the right demonstrate the popular versions shown in bibles, on TV, and elsewhere, but they would never have been fabricated by the ancient Hebrews because the second commandment absolutely forbids doing so.

From Larry Brian Radka's carbon arc light collectionHowever, two chunks of blazing copper-coated carbon (if gold-plated instead) of an electric arc light like the one on the left would have nicely complied with the Hebrew fire god's restrictions. The Old Testament book of Exodus, which describes the building of the Ark (Arc) of the Covenant in detail, points out that Moses assigned to the task craftsmen who were skilled in cutting stones (carbon included) and in working gold.  The book says:  "Thou shalt make two cherubims of gold, of beaten work shalt thou make them."  Gold leaf can be beaten down to 1/250,000 of an inch, and it would have wrapped around the cherubim(s) or carbons easily, like the copper-covered rods above.  But why?  The answer lies in the fact that elegant gold would increase the awe of the audience and the conductivity of the carbons, and protect the ends of the carbons near the divine arc, thereby prolonging their life. 

The bow is caused by convection.And the chapter goes on to say that "the cherubims shall stretch forth their wings [arcs] on high, covering the mercy seat with their wings, and their faces [ends] shall look one to another."  And Moses's fire god supposedly goes on to say, "I will commune with thee from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubims which are upon the ark of the testimony."  Furthermore, the 22nd Chapter of II Samuel describes the Hebrew arc light god by claiming, "He bowed the heavens also, and came down; and darkness was under his feet.  And he rode upon a cherub, and did fly:  and he was seen upon the wings of the wind." And, "Through the brightness before him were coals of fire kindled."  Here the wings on the cherubim (carbons) are more aptly explained, not as metallic wings, but as wings of the wind, the arc flashing through the air.  Fiery coals and carbons are synonymous.  Could one today explain any better the bright bowing arcs of the ancient electric carbon arc light?

From "Picture Puzzles or How to Read the Bible by Symbols"

The illustration above with the oil lamp and bright cloud depicting the Judeo-Christian god in flame and in mythical Hebrew lettering are weaker representations of this Hebrew arc light god.  However, its designer was right on the mark by employing light to represent the God of the Bible, which assigns his brilliant presence to a position between the cherubim.  The illustrator, like many people in the nineteenth century, was probably not aware of the newly reinvented electric carbon arc light, or else he would have surely used one instead.  Furthermore, notice that he carefully considered the Second Commandment by portraying the cherubim as natural horns (representing power) instead of the ridiculous manufactured winged creatures that so many artists, with little or no knowledge of biblical scripture, so carelessly employ today.

Moses breaking up his Ten Commandments

The reason Moses did not want the heathen Hebrew tribes to make any of these types of creatures was his fear that they would worship them instead of his arc light god.  However, when the cat's away, the mice will play, so in his absence, his followers melted down their golden jewelry and made a molten calf, which they were vigorously worshiping when he returned.  Out of disgust for their reversion to worshiping a non-enlightening Egyptian god, he broke up the tablets with the Ten Commandments.

The two tablets had been engraved with Moses's laws on both sides, probably in space-consuming Egyptian hieroglyphics, which Moses had been taught during his upbringing in Egypt. His divine predecessor, old Abraham, who came out of Ur where similar laws were found, could have written all of Moses's decrees on one tablet in minute Babylonian cuneiform characters, so this language was not used. Furthermore, there seems to be no evidence that any Hebrew tongue ever existed during Moses' time, so this tongue can probably also be ruled out.  Hebrew writing apparently developed long afterwards, from Canaanite's characters, after the Hebrews seized their land, which they still claim as their own today.  Nevertheless, one thing is certain, the laws were not written with Roman characters, like those commonly portrayed in the phony illustrations in bibles and catechisms like the ones depicted above and below.

They never looked like this!


Nevertheless, the holy Scripture as well as other reliable written testimony still extant, and the hard evidence engraved in stone monuments, all strongly indicate that, for religious as well as practical purposes, priests like Moses and Aaron, who directed the course of beliefs and events in antiquity, illuminated their authority by conspicuously placing brilliant electric arc lights in their temples, churches, and icons. 

From Mariette's "Denderah, General Descripiton of the Great Temple of this City," Paris 1875To help make the point, here is an animated comparison of an ancient Egyptian iconic ark light god at the temple at Denderah and a possible  depiction of the same type of god in the Hebrew Ark of the Covenant. The searchlight on the bow represents the radiance of the horned (powerful) light god in the center.

This animation of the ancient Egyptian ark (arc) below removes all the molten images and likely depicts a more complete Hebrew (Jewish) arc light. The serpent springing over the arc-light god's pedestal (the so-called "mercy seat") represents an undulating electric arc winging its way through the air between two carbons or cherubim,  The first electric light that the world ever saw was produced by lightning, snaking its way across the heavens; and the ancients naturally compared the undulating light of the celestial serpent to the slithering asp that can also strike mankind. The ancient Greek biographer Plutarch tells us in Moralia that the Egyptians honored the serpent, and, "They compare the asp to lightning."  So a manmade arc light and heavenly lighting are quite synonymous, both are electrical and often look and act like a serpent.

I'm like Isis's hissing electric light serpent.Furthermore, the yellow color of a cobra and a snake's hissing are quite comparable to some of the features of an electric arc light, not to speak of the hissing sound in the name Isis, the ancient Egyptian goddess of light.  Slingo and Brooker's Electrical Engineering for Electric Light points out that "The light emitted by an arc lamp actually approaches in quality more nearly to the solar luminous rays than does that of any other artificial illuminant, although the light of the arc itself contains in reality a larger proportion of orange or yellow rays than does the light of the sun."  In his 1905 edition of Electricity in Every-Day Life, Dr. Edwin J. Houston, a renowned authority and author of numerous books describing electric arc lights, tells us that "As long as the carbons [cherubim] are maintained at the proper distance apart, and are supplied with a current of constant strength, the arc will burn quietly.  If, however, these conditions are not maintained, various noises will be heard.  Where the distance between the carbons is too small, or where the carbons are so soft that comparatively large quantities of vapor are liberated, hissing sounds will be heard."

The ancient Egyptian serpent symbolized electricity.Speaking of the similarities of the ancient Egyptian and Jewish arks, volume one of The Popular and Critical Bible Encyclopaedia and Scriptural Dictionary states:  "The points of resemblance to the Jewish ark, are many and conspicuous, as in the 'stand,' which, in some of its forms, and leaving out the figures represented on the sides, bears so close a resemblance to the written description of the Hebrew ark that it may safely be taken as an authentic illustration of its form."

According to Oxford Professor A. H. Sayce's Early History of the Hebrews, "Babylonia also had its arks [arcs], its mercy seats, and the cherubim [carbons], and Nebuchadrezzar speaks of 'the seat of the oracles' in the great temple of Babylon 'whereon at the festival of Zagmuku, the beginning of the year, on the 8th and 11th days, Bel, the god, seats himself, while the gods of heaven and earth reverently regard him, standing before him with bowed heads.'  The cherubim, indeed, were of Babylonian origin, and their presence in the tabernacle seems somewhat inconsistent with the prohibition to make a carven image."  Of course, Sayce was not aware that the cherubim were natural carbons which complied with Moses's Hebrew light god's instructions.  We also should keep in mind that the Hebrew patriarch Abraham came out of Ur, a city of ancient Babylonia, so he may have been responsible for sending the electric light technology to Egypt, which in turn gave it to Moses and his Hebrews.  The Babylonians may have gotten it from the Atlanteans, but that is another story.

Illustrations from an old history book and bible

Above see a Babylonian version of the Egyptian ark with its electric carbon arc light.  Note the dual-headed serpentine divinities controlling the searchlight while Shamash, the Sun god sits on the "second sun's" battery pack with a coil of wire in his hand and a carbon rod.  For a detailed explanation and translations of the cuneiform writing on this artifact that dates back to around 850 B.C., see The Electric Mirror on the Pharos Lighthouse and Other Ancient LightingAfter reading a translation of the text that accompanied this strange artifact, found near where the ancient Baghdad batteries were discovered, you should have no doubt that electric carbon arc lighting was known and used in Babylonia.

From a 1902 edition of Dr. John Lord's "Beacon Lights of History"

In the religious procession above, we see a modern portrayal of an ancient Hebrew Ark of the Covenant, with a lantern mounted behind, which may have brandished an ancient hissing serpent, an electric light blazing away inside. Or, more likely, the dazzling arc light was placed behind the huge glass lantern panes in the center of the boat, the vented ones with the veil falling down the side of them.Regardless of where the light was placed, we see a reasonable representation of the ark, and even its entourage.   According to Sayce, in the city of Jerusalem, "sacrifices were offered as it passed along, music accompanied it, and David, as anointed king, clad in the priestly ephod, danced sacred dances before it."  The procession above certainly presents a similar scene.

Click me to see many modern searchlights.Nevertheless, the clear-cut visual evidence displayed on the ancient monuments at Denderah, the written testimony in the Old Testament and in other respected works—as well as a particularly detailed ancient eyewitness account of the apparent deployment of powerful electric searchlights in a church on the Mount of Olives—persuades us that the Arc or Ark of the Covenant bore an electric searchlight.  Some of these proofs for the existence of such a light may tend to antagonize Judeo-Christian dogmatists, but their presentation here is absolutely necessary to adequately set forth our case for the use of powerful electric lights in antiquity. 

At one time, eight carbon arc searchlights illuminated ancient Jerusalem, and a substantial portion at that, by casting their beams a great distance from the circular Christian Church of the Ascension on the Mount of Olives.  Arculf (Arculfus), a Frankish bishop, perhaps of Prigueux, who visited and explored the Holy Land, accompanied by Peter, a Bergundian monk, who acted as a guide, reported the details and effects of these eight brilliant lights—and some others also.

The Catholic Encyclopedia gives us a little background on his marvelous report—as follows: “St. Bede relates (Hist. Eccles. Angl., V, 15) that Arculf, on his return from a pilgrimage to the Holy Land about 670 or 690, was cast by tempest on the shore of Scotland.  He was hospitably received by Adamnan, the abbot of the island monastery of Iona, to whom he gave a detailed narrative of his travels to the Holy Land, with specifications and designs of the sanctuaries so precise that Adamnan, with aid from some extraneous sources, was able to produce a descriptive work in three books, dealing with Jerusalem, Bethlehem, the principal towns of Palestine, and Constantinople.  Adamnan presented a copy of this work to Aldfrith, King of Northumbria in 698.  It aims at giving a faithful account of what Arculf actually saw during his journey.  As the latter 'joined the zeal of an antiquarian to the devotion of a pilgrim during his nine months’ stay in the Holy City, the work contains many curious details that might otherwise have never been chronicled.'”

The following two excerpts, from The Pilgrimage of Arculfus in the Holy Land (About the Year A.D. 670) was translated by the Rev. James R. MacPherson in 1895.  He says:  “The translation has been made as literal as possible in passages where the exact rendering was of any controversial or archaeological importance, as in the description of the sites and buildings.”  Here are those two excerpts wherein Arculf continues to describe one of those buildings, a revered church on the Mount of Olives, and the effects of its bright searchlights as follows:

Another, more modern, lamp hanging on poles“In the western side of the church we have mentioned above [before], twice four windows have been formed high up with glazed shutters, and in these windows there burn as many lamps placed opposite them, within and close to them.  These lamps hang in chains, and are so placed that each lamp may hang neither higher nor lower, but may be seen, as it were, fixed to its own window, opposite and close to which it is specially seen.  The brightness of these lamps is so great that, as their light is copiously poured through the glass from the summit of the Mountain of Olivet, not only is the part of the mountain nearest the round basilica to the west illuminated, but also the lofty path which rises by steps up to the city of Jerusalem from the Valley of Josaphat, is clearly illuminated in a wonderful manner, even on dark nights; while the greater part of the city that lies nearest at hand on the opposite side is simi­larly illuminated by the same brightness.  The effect of this brilliant and admirable coruscation of the eight great lamps shining by night from the holy mountain and from the site of the Lord's ascension, as Arculf related, is to pour into the hearts of the believing onlookers a greater eagerness of the Divine love, and to strike the mind with a certain fear along with vast inward compunction.”

Electric searchlights would have been essential in antiquity for lighting up parts of this city nearly a mile away!

An old photo of Jerusalem, taken from the Mt. of Olives

And Arculfus went on to add:  “This also we learned from the narrative of the sainted Arculf:  That in that round church, besides the usual light, of the eight lamps mentioned above as shining within the church by night, there are usually added on the night of the Lord's Ascension almost innumerable other lamps, which by their terrible and admirable brightness, poured abundantly through the glass of the windows, not only illuminate the Mount of Olivet, but make it seem to be wholly on fire; while the whole city and the places in the neighborhood are also lit up.”

Searchlights beaming from the windows of the Electric Building at Chicago's 1893 Columbian Exposition

Beside this seventh-century account stands the Old Testament which contains several older examples of dazzling lights that could have only been electrical in nature. One was the huge electric arc lamp, labeled the “pillar of fire”—a supposed divine manifestation lighting the way for the frightened Hebrews wandering through the wilderness at night. Exodus, the second of the first five books of the Bible, or the Pentateuch, says the Hebrew (electrical) god went before them “by night in a pillar of fire to give them light,” and, according to Nehemiah, to show “the way wherein they should go."

Arc lights lit up Washington years before 1875.

Moses's "pillar of fire" was probably a vertical arc light like the one illustrated above.  A power supply similar to the steam engine powering the Brotherhood motor and Gramme generator, illustrated on our Old Searchlights page, may have powered the Ark's searchlight and/or charged its batteries.  Hero of Alexandria was quite familiar with the principles of the steam engine, so the basic technology was at hand in antiquity.  This might also explain the smoke the Hebrews followed in the daytime.  The steam engine would have needed fire, and where there is fire, there is smoke!

From Dr. F. H. Humphries's "Artificial Sunlight and its Therapeutic Uses." London 1929The Old Testament also speaks of fiery serpents (arc lights) that the Hebrews were struck by on their trek through the wilderness, and of a life-saving holy serpent, with a great healing power (ultra-violet light), which Moses set on a brass pole like the fiery arc light or serpent on the pole on the right?

Hocus Pocus!Apparently the arc light on the brass pole was not the only type of Hebrew electric lighting used in antiquity.  Speaking of a brilliant light emanating from one of the stones on the breastplate of the high priest, Josephus, a Jewish historian who precisely described the distance the fire of the arc on the Pharos could be seen, maintained: "The one of them shined out when [the electric] God was present at their sacrifices; I mean that which was in the nature of a button on his right shoulder, bright rays darting out thence, being seen by those that were most remote; which splendor yet was not before natural to the stone."

I always wondered about those words!This sounds like a small electric flashlight, perhaps patterned after an ancient Egyptian variety?  Other Hebrew electric devices, all found in the Bible, like the Urim and Thummim, were also hooked up to the breastplate—to power the light.  Speaking of the Urim and Thummin, M. G. Eaton, in his Illustrated Bible Dictionary, states: "What the 'Urim and Thummin' were cannot be determined with any certainty.  All we certainly know is that they were a certain divinely-given means by which God imparted, through the high priest, direction and counsel to Israel when these were needed.  The method by which this was done can be only a matter of mere conjecture.  They were apparently material objects, quite distinct from the breastplate, but something added to it after all the stones had been set in it—something in addition to the breastplate and jewels."  Most Hebrew scholars still do not admit that these mysterious words are ancient electrical terms.

A Semitic coin of the fourth century B.C.

But the greatest example of the ancient Hebrew use of electric lighting is in the mysterious Ark (Arc) of the Covenant, briefly discussed at the beginning of this short dissertation.  One of the gods of the Hebrews, Yahweh, depicted on the coin above, had supposedly instructed Moses to build it to his divine dimensions. Thereafter, the Electric Light God took up residence between its cherubim (sparking carbons) where he allegedly discharged his instructions to Moses and other designated priests and prophets to pass on to their followers.  The Old Testament’s claim of the Ark of the Covenant’s divine nature is about as believable as the contention by both Jewish and Christian commentators that Moses wrote the Pentateuch—which describes his own death! 

My carbon rod is the most powerful!Our doubts here is easily defended by the Aramaic evidence provided at the ancient Jewish temple at Elephantine (on another website), and after a candid look at who Moses was and whence he came.  He was the adopted and beloved son of the Pharaoh’s daughter, and he grew up in the Royal Egyptian Court where he learned about electricity and all the other magic and secrets of the wily Egyptian priests stationed there.  He would eventually take his Hebrew confidant Aaron, whom he taught the tricks of his priestly training, before the Pharaoh and have him turn his carbon rod into an electric serpent; but Moses's mentors would easily do the same.  However, Moses's science would supposedly be more powerful, so Aaron's rod would be able to destroy the electric serpents of his fellow magicians.

Moses learned about carbon arc lights in Egypt.

Moses's exposure to the Egyptian priests' magic, or wisdom, is verified by John D. Davis, in his renowned Dictionary of the Bible, which explains that

"The adopted son of a princess required a princely education, and Moses became instructed in all the wisdom of the Egyptians (Acts VII, 22), who were then unsurpassed in civilization by any people in the world. This was designed to fit him into high office under the government, if not even for the Egyptian throne."

I could have been bitten by my own electrical serpent!However, before he could attain any high office, he murdered an Egyptian official when he thought nobody was looking.   Murder is a crime in almost every society, and even the Hebrew holy book avows:  "Give them according to their deeds, and according to the wickedness of their endeavors."  Moses became terrified at the thought of the uncomfortable consequences of his crime.  Then, to add insult to injury, the coward tried to cover up his crime by hiding his victim in the sand.  But he soon found out his crime was witnessed when two of his own Hebrew people challenged him about his dastardly deed.  And when the Pharaoh found out about what Moses had done, his Highness was obviously enraged and gave notice that he wanted to execute him.   Moses apparently got the word that the murder was then fully exposed and that the Egyptian authorities would be out to capture him with a vengeance.  So the ungrateful adopted prince fled from royal justice and hid in the land of Midian.

Eventually, an Electric Light God’s messenger, “a flame of fire” supposedly appeared to Moses, and his new god Yahweh allegedly instructed him to return to Egypt and terrorize the Pharaoh and his people with enough horrific plagues (likely discovered during his priestly training) to allow the enslaved Hebrews to leave Egypt permanently.  This was obviously a clever plan to incite a violent and cruel revolution, one that would make the evil design of Muslim religious fanatics look like the Boston Tea Party today.

I stole my boss's gold!Nevertheless, Moses allegedly accomplished his divine assignment, but before the Hebrew rebels departed, they stole their Egyptian masters’ treasures.  This made Moses realize that he needed some supernatural means of suppressing their wicked ways.  Also, some awe-inspiring device and set of divine rules would also be needed to motivate his displaced and apprehensive followers to abandon their recurring nostalgia for their old Egyptian gods and comfortable homeland forever and to encourage them to follow him reverently on an agonizing forty-year journey through a difficult wilderness to a foreboding land.

I do good work, but it has problems!So he and his priestly confidants—who were already quite familiar with the so-called “magic” or secret technology of the Egyptian electric arks and their dazzling arc lights—conspired to manufacture their own ark, and place a live Hebrew electrical god therein.  He would be based on a familiar Egyptian design and would have his own set of divine legislation, the tablets with the Ten Commandments, to control the newly freed tribes and suppress their pagan notions.  Their secret device, a brilliant and divine light from a blazing electric arc god, was a marvel that no vulgar slave could have imagined—let alone have actually seen. And after all, in the pragmatic minds of most ancients, like most sober-minded people today, seeing is believing!

Words meaning "Above All" were sung in the German National Anthem!To install pride, inspire confidence, and motivate endurance in his people for their forty-year trek, Moses and his cohorts then taught the naive Hebrew tribes that they were the electric god’s chosen people—“above all people that are upon the face of the earth”  and "above all the nations that are upon the earth" (De: 7:6 & 14:2) which the Jews never forgot.  But also, their holy book, the Old Testament, warns that "Pride goeth before destruction."  Was the bequeathed haughtiness of the Jews one of the outstanding reasons why Hitler and his so-called "superior race" destroyed (or was allowed to exterminate) about six million of the arc light god's chosen people?  Did the Jews carelessly ignore their own holy warning and set themselves up for this fall?  These are questions about the cause of the holocaust that still beg for honest answers.

The Jews nor the Germans were armed with the truth!What is obvious, though, is that a contest between two highly nationalistic and alleged superior races took place in Europe recently, and one tribe of Hebrews suffered severely.   Where was the Jewish arc light god then?  The souls of millions of Jews that went up in smoke still cry out to the authority of Moses for the truth.  Apparently, after thousands of years, the lies that he put in his arc light god's mouth finally caught up with a lot of naive believers. The consequences for the Old Testament's chosen ones, as was so plainly witnessed by the world's people that the Jews set themselves above, were quite devastating.  The clash of German and Jewish nationalism may have never occurred had Moses not put the words "above all" in the arc light god's mouth, and convinced the ancient Hebrews that their national god Yahweh communicated with just him or with certain designated priests or prophets, who were required to relay the divine instructions on to them.

Carbon arc lamps were used in tanning salons in the 1900'sHowever, Moses did so, and to keep the ruse a secret, only he or certain priestly technicians serviced the arc light and its electric batteries—tucked away on a stretcher deep inside the temple, away from curious followers who might have discovered the deception and even had their eyes and faces burned by its harmful Ultra-Violet rays.  While experimenting on Mount Sinai, the arc light had burned Moses’ face and it took on a golden look. Thereafter, he wore a hood or veil—like arc welders use today.  As an added safety measure, he shielded the Ark (arc) light with its own veil.

Handling Yahweh can be a dangerous business!Note the skull cap on the welder here.  Did the ancient priests (or rabbis) wear skull caps to protect themselves against the dangers of Yahweh, the sparking carbon arc light?  When the ancient 5000-year-old mummy “Tollund Man” was found in a Danish bog in the early 1970’s, his intact leather headgear astounded archaeologists.  They believe his skullcap is a symbol of his priesthood and social standing.  Is this why the Jewish rabbis still wear the symbol today?   Perhaps this explains why a simple skullcap appears in the oldest Egyptian tomb paintings.

Another arc light from Larry's collection

Nevertheless, the sacred proofs that identify the Ark of the Covenant as an electric arc light are abundantly but randomly scattered throughout writings in the Hebrew Old Testament, a difficult work to translate, and in other authoritative works as well.  The following are just a few examples that point to its great illuminating but extremely dangerous character:

"Heavenly" like the carbon arc light above this movie setOne example is found in a translation of an Ethiopian authority, the Book of the Glory of Kings, translated by Dr. E. A. Wallace Budge, a deceased Keeper of the Department of Egyptian and Assyrian Antiquities in the British Museum, who has also translated several ancient Egyptian works. The ancient Ethiopic book speaks of “the light” of the Ark of the Covenant that “catcheth the eye by force, and it astonisheth the mind and stupefieth it with wonder,” and also avows that “it is a heavenly thing and is full of light.”

Next, in the English scholar H. Crosthwaite, speaking specifically of the Ark, says: “‘The sons of Kohath shall come to bear it; but they shall not touch any holy thing, lest they die.’ (verse 15) in Hebrew means holy. Those who touch the ark are in danger from the ka or electrical charge that it may carry."

Moses should have told me!

My monument to carelessness!High voltage showed no mercy then, nor does it today!  One wrong move and you forfeit your right to participate in this world anymore, and poor Uzzah had no chance to warn anybody. The Electric Light God’s (gods') retribution was swift and lethal when the oxen shook the Ark’s wiring loose, and it shorted to its conductive golden case.  It is recalled in II Samuel 6: 6 & 7 that says: "And when they came to Nachon’s threshing floor, Uzzah put forth his hand to the ark [arc] of God [elohim], and took hold of it, for the oxen shook it.  And the anger of the Lord was kindled against Uzzah; and God [elohim] smote him there for his error, and there he died by the ark [arc] of God [elohim]."

"And David, in terror and dismay, broke up the festal procession, and left the ark in the nearest house, which happened to belong to a Philistine of Gath named Obed-Edom," wrote Sayce, "Here it remained three months.  Then, David, finding that the household of the Philistine had been blessed and not cursed by its presence, caused it to be again removed and taken to Jerusalem."

In a footnote to this, he noted:  "The name of Obed-Edom, 'the servant of Edom,' shows that Edom was the name of the deity as well as of a country, like Ammi, the patron god of Ammon, and it is met with in the monuments of Egypt.  A papyrus (Pap. Leydens. i. 343.7) states that Atum or Edom was the wife of the Canaanitish fire-god Reshpu, and one of the places in Palestine captured by Thothmes III, was Shemesh-Edom (No. 51), 'the Sun-god is Edom' (Records of the Past, new ser., v. p.47)."

What better place could there have been found to store a fiery arc light than in the house of the servant of the wife of a fire god?  The fiery electrical expertise to handle it was apparently there.  Furthermore, the Sun-god was Edom, and, as is explained in The Electric Mirror on the Pharos Lighthouse and Other Ancient Lighting, the ancient carbon arc light was called a "second Sun" because of its dazzling brilliance.  So again, a servant of the brilliant sun god should have been familiar with one of almost equal brilliance.  No doubt, King David picked the right place to store it.

It was much larger than this carbon arc searchlight!There are other instances recorded in the Old Testament when the high voltage of the Electric Light God showed its lack of forgiveness.  Once, some frightened Philistines, after capturing the Ark, returned it to the Hebrews because they apparently found out the danger attached to the divine arc light.  However, though dangerous, it had often served Moses very well on his lengthy and dangerous trek through the wilderness at night. One good example of its usefulness is set forth in Numbers 10:33, which says that when he was traveling through the wilderness with his father-in-law, “the ark of the covenant of the Lord went before them in the three days’ journey to search out a resting place for them.”  “To search out” is the purpose of a searchlight!

Semitic gods! Click here to see El.Note:  The Hebrew Ark or Arc of the Covenant god in the holy Bible seems sometimes to be referred to as Yahweh, but in most instances the arc light is addressed in the plural form of El, or Elohim, which translates into English as "gods."  However, in most cases, with the exception of a very few scriptures, like the one on the right, Bible translators, for the benefit of the clergy, changed the Semitic gods into God!  Maybe some day some translators will render the Hebrew gods of the Old Testament correctly, and naive Jews and Christians will no longer have to play the role of a fool.

Hocus-Pocus, God needs me!They say the first priest was a wiseman who met a fool.  Do we still embrace the nonsensical beliefs of the old fool?  Unfortunately, the answer is often "Yes," despite our reverence for education today.  Knowledge should trump beliefs, but we don't always play an honest game with ourselves, even after we learn that we have been deceived, often by our own parents, teachers, and preachers who persist in denying the facts or simply know no better.  Some of us, however, will soon be antagonized enough to shout, "We are mad as hell and aren't going to take it anymore!   Away with the crafty priest!"

I'll light your candle, but you won't see much!In Mathew 23:33, Christ addressed the priests of his day as "serpents," a "generation of vipers" in danger of "the damnation of hell," and Jesus wasn't talking about electrical serpents. He said, "They be blind leaders of the blind."  Have things changed today?  Should we let them light our candle?